Michelle Liu

Napoleon’s Domestic Policies

  • Napoleon- promoted equality and nationalism, little democratic policies, disregarded individual rights (freedom of press/privacy)

  • Created constitution for Consulate and then Empireà Legislative Corps- acted as rubber stamp for emperor’s will
  • Professional bureaucracy- centralizing administration
  • Prefects- ran 83 departments, but reported directly to Paris
  • Plebiscities- referenda
  • Joseph Fouche- press censored, secret police infiltrated circles to identify opposition to regime

  • “Careers open to talent”- those from middling/lowly stations but wished to rise through talent and ambition
  • Created League of Honor to recognize contributions of those who served in revolutionary wars
  • Napoleonic Code- represented revolution’s ideals of merit and equality
    • Rational systemization

  • Modernized infrastructure of France- building/repairing roads/bridges, beautifying nation with monuments
  • Establishment of Bank of France- eliminate budget deficit, modernizing tax system

  • Lycee- nationwide system of secondary schools open to all social classes
  • Technical universities- Napoleon’s interest/belief in scientific progress

  • Concordat of 1801- ended war between revolution and Catholic Church with Pope Pius VII
    • Pope regained some control of French clergy, Catholicism recognized as majority religion in France

N.A. "Europe and the Superior Being: Napoleon." The History Guide. Steven Kreis. 22 Feb. 2006. Web. 25 Apr. 2011. <http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/lecture15a.html>
N.A. "Napoleon Bonaparte" SparkNotes. SparkNotes LLC. n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2011. <http://www.sparknotes.com/biography/napoleon/context.html>