Nima

Enlightenment in the 18th Century.

Analyze the ways in which Enlightenment thought addresses religious beliefs and social issues in the 18th century.

Thesis: The Enlightenment in the 18th century addressed religious issues and social issues because it allowed people to think whatever way they wanted, such as, Atheism, Rococo Art, and Laissez-Faire

Religious beliefs -
Deism: The world was like a machine
Immanuel Kant: Defined the Enlightenment as man leaving his self conscious
John Locke: Everybody born with a blank mind
John Wesley: "gift of God's grace" assured him of salvation
Poland: newly found religious tolerance
Pietism: desire for a deeper personal devotion to God
D'holbach: Strict Atheism, and materialism, God not necessary, humans were machines
Skepticism: having doubts or questioning attitudes, especially about religion

Social Issues -
Voltaire: Criticized many of Frances policies like religious toleration and royal absolutism and admired English government, he lived in France
Diderot: 28 volume encyclopedia filled with idea's of the Enlightenment
Astell: argued for better education for women
Wollstonecraft: Vindication of the Rights of Women stated that since women have reason they are entitled to the same rights as men
Salons: "Safe Rooms" for Philosophers to meet and express their idea's
Adam Smith: Wealth of the Nations discussed supply-demand, labor constituted the real wealth of nations, and end protective tariffs
Physiocrats: modern economics, discover natural economic forces, Laissez-Faire
Pascal: tried to keep science and religion together
Rococo art: grace and gentle action
Carnivals: festivals